volumeBar
Syntax
volumeBar(X, interval, [label='seq'])
Arguments
X is a numeric vector.
interval is a nonzero number that represents a constant value or percentage that determines the threshold for data grouping.
label (optional) is a string used to label the groups. It can be:

'seq'(default): label the groups with a sequence of 0, 1, 2, 3...

'left': label each group with the sum of all elements before the first element in the group. The first group is labeled with 0.

'right': label each group with the sum of all elements up to and including the last element in the group.
Details
This function sequentially accumulates the elements in X, and then groups them based on the specified threshold. Once a group is determined, the accumulation starts from the next element and data grouping is performed in the same logic. It returns a vector of the same size as X containing the corresponding group number for each element.
Elements are divided into groups based on the threshold specified by interval.

If interval is positive, elements are labeled into groups when the cumulative sum is no smaller than the threshold;

If interval is in (0, 1), the threshold is sum(X) * interval. Note that the threshold is converted to the same data type as X for comparison. For example, if X is an integer, then the threshold will be set at floor(sum(X) * interval).

Otherwise, the threshold takes the value of interval.


If interval is negative, the threshold takes the value of interval. Elements are labeled into groups when the cumulative sum is no greater than the threshold.
Examples
X = 1 3 4 2 2 1 1 1 1 6 8
volumeBar(X, 4)
// output
[0,0,1,2,2,3,3,3,3,4,5]
volumeBar(X, 4, 'left')
// output
[0,0,4,8,8,12,12,12,12,16,22]
volumeBar(X, 4, 'right')
// output
[4,4,8,12,12,16,16,16,16,22,30]
X = 6 2 4 5 1 3 2 1
volumeBar(X, 2)
// output
[0,1,1,2,3,3,3,3]
volumeBar(X, 2, 'left')
// output
[0,6,6,8,13,13,13,13]
volumeBar(X, 2, 'right')
// output
[6,8,8,13,14,14,14,14]
sym = `st001`st002`st003`st001`st003`st004
time = 2022.01.01 2022.01.01 2022.01.02 2022.01.02 2022.01.03 2022.01.03
price = 1.9 2.2 1.8 1.1 2.5 1.9
t = table(sym, time, price)
select *, volumeBar(price, 3) as tag from t
// output
sym time price tag
st001 2022.01.01 1.9 0
st002 2022.01.01 2.2 0
st003 2022.01.02 1.8 1
st001 2022.01.02 1.1 1
st003 2022.01.03 2.5 1
st004 2022.01.03 1.9 2